KEYSTONE LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICT BOARD OF EDUCATION’S RANDOM DRUG TESTING POLICY
Section I: Instruction
Random Drug Testing
November 16, 2015
April 21, 2022
Prior Revised Dates
Random Drug Testing
The Keystone Local School District Board of Education (“Board of Education” or “Board”) desires to implement a Random
Drug Testing policy to promote the health, safety and welfare of students within the District. This policy reflects the
commitment of the Board and the community to establishing a truly drug and alcohol-free school environment. This policy
applies to all of the following students in grades 9-12:
1. student athletes; and
2. students participating in one or more extracurricular/co-curricular activities.
The program does not affect the current policies, practices, or rights of the Board regarding student drug and/or alcohol
possession or use, where reasonable suspicion is established by means other than drug and/or alcohol testing through this
Although students risk the loss of the above-named privileges, no student will be suspended or expelled from school as a
result of a certified positive test conducted by the District under this policy. The results of random drug tests will not be
documented in any student’s academic records. Such results will not be disclosed to criminal or juvenile authorities unless
otherwise required by law.
Purposes of this Policy Shall Be:
1. To provide a healthy and safe environment to all students to which this policy applies.
2. To discourage all students from using drugs and alcohol.
3. To provide students with the opportunity to become leaders in the student body for a drug and alcohol-free school.
4. To provide solutions for the student who does use drugs and alcohol.
5. To encourage students to remain drug and alcohol free.
All students and parents/guardians/custodians must sign an “Informed Consent Agreement” for drug testing in order to be
eligible for the above-named privileges. Once a signed form is on file with the District, it remains valid for all privileged
activities while the student remains enrolled at the District.
The principal/designee will make all final decisions regarding any drug testing issues within his/her building.
Any student in grades 9-12 participating in a District athletic program and/or contests under the control and jurisdiction of the
Board and/or the Ohio High School Athletic Association (OHSAA). This policy also includes cheerleaders and other club
sports that are approved by the Board.
Any student in grades 9-12 participating in a club, group, student organization and/or activity that is Board-approved that
does not involve a grade.
Drug Testing Effectivity Periods
In-season start dates will begin as published by the OHSAA or sanctioning organization and continue until the completion of
the awards program for that sport for the District. There are three athletic seasons: fall, winter, spring. A participant whose
activity is not in-season at the time of the participant’s violation of this code shall be considered an off-season participant.
Students may be tested during the off-season. A student is not considered an “off-season” athlete until they have been a
member of an interscholastic sport.
In-season extracurricular/co-curricular activities for an elected or appointed position begins with election/appointment
through the expiration of the term of the office/season/activity. In-season extracurricular/co-curricular activities for all other
clubs, groups, student organizations and/or activities begins with the first meeting through the end of the school year,
including all activities scheduled during summer.
A system of selecting eligible students for drug and alcohol testing in which each eligible student shall have a fair and
equitable chance of being selected each time selections are required.
Nicotine (tobacco), marijuana, LSD, amphetamines, methamphetamine's, methadone, anabolic steroids, methaqualone,
barbiturates, benzodiazepines (Valium), opiates, cocaine, propoxyphene (Darvon), MD/MA (ecstasy), phencyclidine,
tricyclic, buprenorphine, oxycodone, and/or any substances included in 21 U.S.C. 802(6). This definition also includes all
prescribed and over-the-counter drugs being used in any way other than for medical purposes in accordance with the
directions for use provided for in the prescription or by the manufacturer.
Any intoxicating liquor, beer, wine, mixed beverage, or malt liquor beverage as defined in the Ohio Revised Code Section
4301.01. The term “alcoholic beverage” includes any liquid or substance, such as “near beer” which contains alcohol in any
proportion or percentage. The term “alcoholic beverage” does not include a substance used for medical purposes in
accordance with directions for use provided in a prescription or by the manufacturer and in accordance with District policy
and rules related to the use of prescription and non-prescription drugs, provided the substance is a) authorized by a medical
prescription from a licensed physician and kept in the original container, which shall state the student’s name and directions
for use or b) an over-the-counter medicine.
Types of Testing
1. Team/Group Testing
At the beginning of each season, all students will submit to drug and alcohol testing. This testing will be completed
within the first two weeks of the season on a specified date and time. The collection process will take place on
Board property or at a Board-approved testing facility. The head coach is responsible for ensuring that all student
athletes and their parent/guardian/custodian properly sign the Informed Consent Agreement prior to testing. The
principal/designee is responsible for ensuring that all other eligible students and their parent/guardian/custodian
properly sign the Informed Consent Agreement prior to testing. Any student moving into the District shall be tested
prior to the time he/she joins the team and/or club, group, student organization and/or activity.
2. Random Testing
Random testing shall be done throughout the drug testing effectivity periods. Each group of eligible students may
have up to 20% of its eligible students tested per random selection. A student may be tested more than once per
drug testing effectivity period. In the event of a positive result, the specimen will be sent to a laboratory for
confirmation of results and a certified medical review officer will determine the results.
A. Random selection of eligible students:
The principal/designee will use a system to ensure that students are selected in a random fashion. This
system may include computer-generated random numbers or names or by pulling numbers from a pool of
numbers equal to the number of eligible students.
B. Scheduling of random testing:
Random testing will be unannounced. The day and date will be selected by the building administrators.
Random testing may be done weekly.
“Opt In” Student Drug Testing Program
Parents/Guardians/Custodians that have students who are not involved in extracurricular/co-curricular activities or athletics
may have their students participate in the drug testing program at the expense of the Board. Interested
parents/guardians/custodians should contact the principal/designee for additional information.
Reasonable Suspicion Testing
School officials will have the right to have a student tested for use of drugs and/or alcohol when there is the “reasonable
suspicion.” This applies to all student-athletes, all students participating in extracurricular/co-curricular activities and all
student drivers and/or those with parking privileges.
Refusal to Test
Refusal to submit to a random or reasonable suspicion test will constitute a violation of this policy and will be treated as a
positive test result.
Collection Process (Urine Screens)
The student will be notified to report to the collection site. A specimen from the student will be collected as follows and all
students must follow this process:
1. All students must have a picture ID or be identified by the principal/designee. No exceptions will be allowed.
2. Drug testing area must be secured during the testing.
3. Only lab technicians, designated District administrators and students will be present in the drug testing area.
4. Privacy must be kept for all students.
5. The principal/designee is responsible for ensuring that all of the forms are completed and signed by both
parent/guardian/custodian and student. No student is to enter the collection site until forms and proper ID are
6. When students arrive and cannot give a sample, they will need to start drinking water, pop or juice.
7. No bags, backpacks, purses, cups, containers or drinks will be allowed to enter the collection area. All coats, vests,
jackets, sweaters, hats, scarves or baggy clothing must be removed before entering the collection site. Only pants
and t-shirts or dresses may be worn in the collection area. Any infringement of the rules will result in the student
taking the test over.
8. Students processed by the lab technician who cannot produce a sample will be kept in a secured area to wait until
they can test. If they leave this area, they will not be allowed to test and this will be considered a “refusal to test.”
9. Students will be asked to hold out their hands and a sanitizer will be put on their hands or will wash hands with
water. The bathroom personnel will add a dye to the toilet.
10. Students will be asked to urinate directly into the collection cup given to them by the lab personnel. The lab
technician will stand outside the stall and listen for normal sounds of urination.
11. The lab checks every sample for adulterations, such as additives that the student drinks or adds to his/her urine to
change the sample. Any and all adulterations of the specimen will be detected and subject to second violation
consequences. A retest will be required within 24 hours.
12. Any suspicion of tampering with the sample will be brought to the tester’s attention. The sample will be screened or
sent to the lab for immediate confirmation of tampering. If tampering is confirmed, the student will be subject to
second violation consequences. A retest will be required within 24 hours.
13. The sample must be taken in one attempt and be at least 30 ml in size. The student must hand the cup to the lab
14. Students are not to flush the toilets or urinals. In the event that a student flushes the toilet, he/she will be required
to give a new sample immediately or the sample will be invalid.
15. With student watching, the lab technician will recap the sample and hand it to the student who must then return it
to the intake technician. In the event that the student does not hand the cup directly to the intake technician, the
sample is invalid and a new sample must be taken. If the student leaves the collection area or has contact with
anyone, the sample will be invalid and the student will have to give another sample.
This collection procedure is subject to change because of procedural requirements by the testing agency. The Board
reserves the right to change the collection procedure to coincide with the testing guidelines set forth by the testing agency.
When using rapid screens, all non-negative screens will be sent out with a chain of custody to a certified laboratory for
confirmation. A certified medical review officer will verify the positive test.
Any student that tests positive will have to be tested weekly for the term of a five-week program with drug counseling at the
expense of the student and/or parent/custodian/guardian. Testing will be done by Great Lakes Biomedical only so long as
this is the company the Board selects.
Results of a Positive Test
Any positive urine alcohol and/or drug test results will be made known to the building administrator, who in turn will notify the
parents/guardians/custodians and student.
If a Positive Test Occurs:
1. The First Violation
For the first positive result or refusal to test, the student will be required to submit to eight follow-up drug tests
within twelve months at the student and/or parent/custodian/guardian’s expense. The testing dates will be
determined by the principal/designee and testing will be completed by the District’s drug testing company. During
and after this period, the student will also be subject to random drug testing/reasonable suspicion testing in
accordance with this policy. Should the student complete the twelve month period without an additional positive
test or refusal to test, no sanction will be imposed against that student. Should the student have another positive
test or a refusal to test at any point during his/her secondary school career (Grades 9-12), said positive test or
refusal to test will be treated as a second violation and subject to the sanctions below.
2. The Second Violation
For the second positive test result or refusal to test, the student will be given the option of either (A) or (B) below:
A. The student will have to make an appointment with a certified chemical dependency counselor (or at an
agency certified by the Ohio Department of Health and Human Services and/or the Ohio Department of
Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services) for chemical dependency assessment and then follow the
recommendations of the counselor. The student and/or parent/guardian/ custodian is responsible for all
expenses and for providing the building principal with documentation that the student completed all
recommendations of the counselor.
The student will be denied participation for a minimum of 20% of the season.
The student’s driving and/or parking privileges will be immediately revoked.
A student athlete who tests positive shall meet with the athletic director, head coach and a District
administrator to determine reinstatement. A student who participates in an extracurricular/co-curricular
activity shall meet with the club, group, student organization or activity’s adviser(s) and a District
administrator to determine reinstatement. A student driver shall meet with the high school principal and
another administrator to determine reinstatement of District driving and/or parking privileges. The student
may be required, at the student and/or parent/guardian/custodian’s expense, to submit to weekly or
random testing for the remainder of the drug testing effectivity period. The student shall forfeit all
i. Student Athletes: The student athlete will be denied participation in 20% of the current season,
with any remaining percentage of the denial of participation applied to the next season of
participation if needed. Note: The student may continue to practice with the team and sit with
the team during home and away contests. The student may not wear a team uniform during this
denial of participation.
ii. Extracurricular/Co-curricular Activities: The student will be denied participation in 20% or 36
school days of all extracurricular/co-curricular activities, with any remaining percentage/days of
denial of participation applied to the next season of participation if needed. Note: The student
may not attend club meetings and/or participate in off-campus trips or special events. The
student may not wear a uniform during this denial of participation.
iii. Driving and Parking: The student will be denied 20% or 36 days of driving/parking privileges.
iv. In order for participation and privileges to be reinstated after the 20% penalty, the student must
agree to submit to five follow-up drug tests within six months at the student and/or
parent/custodian/guardian’s cost. The drug testing dates will be determined by the
B. Denial of all privileged activities for that school year.
3. The Third Violation
The student is denied participation for 50% of the season. A student athlete who tests positive shall meet with the
athletic director, head coach and a District administrator to determine reinstatement. A student who participates in
an extracurricular/co-curricular activity shall meet with the club, group, student organization or activity’s adviser(s)
and a District administrator to determine reinstatement. A student driver shall meet with the high school principal
and another administrator to determine reinstatement of District driving and/or parking privileges. The student will
be required, at the student and/or parent/guardian/ custodian’s expense, to submit to weekly or random testing for
the remainder of the current season. The student will have to make an appointment with a certified chemical
dependency counselor (or at an agency certified by the Ohio Department of Health and Human Services and/or
the Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services) for chemical dependency assessment and then
follow the recommendations of the counselor. The student and/or parent/guardian/custodian is responsible for all
expenses and for providing the building principal with documentation that the student completed all
recommendations of the counselor.
Failure to complete these requirements may result in permanent denial of participation in privileged activities
during the student’s career at Keystone High School.
4. The Fourth Violation
The student may be permanently denied participation in athletics, extracurricular activities and District driving
and/or parking privileges immediately. Violations are cumulative throughout the student’s secondary school career.
A student may give a self-referral, which may be done only once in four years. Self-referrals can only happen before a test is
A self-referral occurs when a student asks a coach, adviser, director, counselor, administrator or any other school personnel
for help and an assessment prior to any known violations of this policy. A self-referral will not be subject to any disciplinary
action provided that:
1. The student completes a drug assessment and counseling program and verification is provided to the
principal/designee. The counselor and/or agency must be certified by the Ohio Department of Health and Human
Services and/or the Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services. The student and/or
parents/guardians/custodians must pay for this expense.
2. The student agrees to submit to five follow-up drug tests within six months at the student and/or
parent/custodian/guardian’s expense. The testing dates will be determined by the principal/designee and testing
will be completed by the District’s drug testing company. If the student tests positive during the follow-up drug
tests, or has a refusal to test, the student will be subject to second violation consequences.
IGD - Co-Curricular and Extracurricular Activities
IGDJ - Interscholastic Athletics
JFCH/JFCI - Alcohol Use by Students/Student Drug Abuse
JO - Student Records